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Tampa Injury Lawyer > Blog > Uncategorized > Understanding Florida’s New Tort Reform Laws (HB 837)

Understanding Florida’s New Tort Reform Laws (HB 837)

HB 837

In 2023, Florida witnessed a significant legal shift with the enactment of HB 837, impacting how personal injury claims are navigated within the state. This legislative overhaul, effective immediately upon signing, introduced several key changes that merit close examination for both residents and visitors alike.


Remaining a No-Fault State

Contrary to speculation about a potential transition to a conventional tort-based system, Florida upheld its status as a no-fault car insurance state post-HB 837. This decision carries profound implications for fault attribution in car accidents and the ensuing insurance claims process.


Revising Comparative Negligence

Formerly operating under a “pure comparative negligence” model, Florida’s legal landscape now adheres to a “modified comparative negligence” framework. Under this revised system, individuals surpassing the 50% liability threshold are barred from seeking compensation for their injuries. Those falling below this threshold may still pursue damages, albeit with adjustments corresponding to their degree of fault. This adjustment necessitates a nuanced understanding of fault allocation and its repercussions on potential compensation.


Personal Injury Statute of Limitations Adjustments

HB 837 compressed the window for initiating personal injury claims in Florida, slashing the general statute of limitations from four years to two years post-injury. This tightened timeframe underscores the urgency for individuals contemplating legal action following an injury to adhere to strict filing deadlines with the assistance of Pawlowski Mastrilli Law Group.


Refining Medical Damages Calculation

A notable provision of HB 837 introduces stringent parameters governing the evidence admissible for establishing past and future medical damages in personal injury or wrongful death claims. Only evidence directly correlating to actual medical expenses, irrespective of payment source, is deemed admissible. This measure aims to curb inflated damages and ensure the consideration of only reasonable and medically necessary expenses.


Transparent Medical Referral Disclosures

This legislation eliminates attorney-client privilege concerning medical referrals, mandating disclosure of such referrals and any associated financial relationships between law firms and medical providers. This provision enhances transparency within personal injury cases, mitigating potential conflicts of interest.



These reforms represent a fraction of HB 837’s sweeping impact on Florida’s legal arena. While proponents argue for reduced insurance and litigation costs, critics express apprehensions about potential encroachments on injured individuals’ rights and recoveries.

For tailored guidance on how HB 837 affects your specific circumstances, consulting with a seasoned personal injury attorney is paramount. Our team at Pawlowski Mastrilli Law Group  stands ready to offer assistance,. Contact Us today for a free consultation.


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